Information at a Glance About Juvenile Justice

Information at a Glance About Juvenile Justice

Information at a Glance About Juvenile Justice – News at a glance about the Juvenile Criminal Law Court that Follows the Procedures of the Laws of the Republic of Indonesia That Everyone Should Know

Handling criminal cases against children is certainly different from handling cases against adults, the handling of children is special because it is also regulated in separate regulations. Understanding of the process of handling children’s cases, of course, there may still be some people who do not understand or understand, so that sometimes it gives rise to various assessments, even more fatal if there is a misjudgment that handling children, especially children in legal conflicts, get special treatment and there are also those who think that children cannot be punished even though it is not that far, it’s just that the handling process is specifically regulated.

It should be understood that in relation to the handling of children in conflict with the law, of course, it is based on several special statutory provisions, including the following:

Law of the Republic of Indonesia Number 11 of 2012 concerning the Juvenile Criminal Justice System, previously Law of the Republic of Indonesia Number 3 of 1997 concerning the Juvenile Court;
Law of the Republic of Indonesia Number 35 of 2014 concerning Amendments to Law of the Republic of Indonesia Number 23 of 2002 concerning Child Protection;
Law of the Republic of Indonesia Number 17 of 2016 concerning Stipulation of Government Regulation in Lieu of Law Number 1 of 2016 concerning the Second Amendment to Law Number 23 of 2002 concerning Child Protection into Law;
Government Regulation Number 65 of 2015 concerning Guidelines for the Implementation of Diversion and Handling of Children Under 12 (Twelve) Years Old;
Regulation of the Supreme Court Number 4 of 2014 concerning the Implementation of Diversion in the Juvenile Criminal Justice System;
Attorney General Regulation No. 06/A/J.A/04/2015 concerning Guidelines for Implementing Diversion.

Juvenile Criminal Justice System

The juvenile criminal justice system is the entire process of resolving cases of children in conflict with the law from the investigation stage to the guidance stage after undergoing a criminal process based on protection, justice, non-discrimination, the best interests of the child, respect for the child, the survival and development of the child, proportional , deprivation of liberty and punishment as a last resort and avoidance of retaliation (vide Article 1 point 1 and Article 2 of Law of the Republic of Indonesia Number 11 of 2012 concerning the Juvenile Criminal Justice System.

In the juvenile criminal justice system, children are children who are in conflict with the law, children who are victims and children who are witnesses in criminal acts. Children in conflict with the law are children who are 12 years old but not yet 18 years old who are suspected of committing a crime; Children who become victims are children who are not yet 18 (eighteen years old) who have suffered physical, mental and or economic losses caused by criminal acts; A child who is a witness is a child who is not yet 18 (eighteen years old) who can provide information for the benefit of the legal process starting at the level of investigation, prosecution and trial regarding a criminal case that has been heard, seen and or experienced;

In the event that a criminal act is committed by a child before the age of 18 and is submitted to a court hearing after the child exceeds the age limit of 18 years but has not yet reached the age of 21, the child is still submitted to the juvenile court (Article 20 of Law of the Republic of Indonesia Number 11 of 2012 concerning the Judicial System). Child Crime).

Furthermore, in the event that a child under 12 years of age commits or is suspected of committing a criminal act, the investigator, community advisor, makes a decision to hand it over to the parent/guardian or to include him/her in educational programs, coaching at a government agency or social welfare organization in charge of the social welfare sector. (Article 21 of Law Number 11 of 2012 concerning the Juvenile Criminal Justice System in conjunction with Article 67 of Government Regulation of the Republic of Indonesia Number 65 of 2015 concerning the Implementation of Diversion and Handling of Children Under 12 (Twelve) Years Old).

In adult cases (aged 18 years and over) each level of examination does not need to be accompanied by a parent/guardian, but in cases where a child is in conflict with the law it is necessary to be accompanied by a parent/guardian.

The parties involved in the juvenile criminal justice process are Investigators, Public Prosecutors, Judges, Community Counselors and Social Workers

Investigators are Child Investigators;
Public Prosecutor is the Child Public Prosecutor;
Judges are Child Judges;
Community Counselors are law enforcement functional officials who carry out community research, guidance, supervision, assistance to children inside and outside the criminal justice process;
Social Worker is a person who works in both government and private institutions who have the competence and profession of social work as well as concern in social work obtained through education, and or experience of social work practice to implement social problems;

The Process of Investigation and Prosecution of Child Cases

Investigations are carried out by investigators who are determined based on the decision of the head of the police or other officials appointed by the Head of the Indonesian National Police, while the prosecution is carried out by the public prosecutor who is determined based on the decision of the attorney general or other officials appointed by the attorney general. In conducting an investigation of a child’s case, the investigator is obliged to ask for considerations or suggestions from the community advisor after the criminal act is reported or reported then the Community Research Center is obliged to submit the results of the community research no later than 3 days after the investigator’s request.

In conducting an examination of a child victim, the investigator is obliged to request a social report from a social worker or social welfare worker after the crime has been reported; Furthermore, the child who is proposed as a child in conflict with the law (ABH) at the level of investigation, prosecution and examination of a child’s case in court must seek diversion.

Diversion is the transfer of the settlement of children’s cases from the criminal justice process outside the criminal justice process, and to that process with the following conditions:

Threatened with imprisonment under 7 (seven) years;
And not the repetition of a crime;
Furthermore, in addition to these provisions, it also applies to children who are accused of committing a crime punishable by imprisonment for under 7 (seven) years and also charged with a criminal offense punishable by imprisonment (seven) years or more in the form of subsidiarity, alternative, cumulative or combination charges. (combined) (Article 7 PERMA Number 4 of 2014 concerning Guidelines for Implementing Diversion in the Juvenile Criminal Justice System))

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Diversion aims:

Achieving peace between victims and children;
Resolving child cases outside the judicial process;
Protecting children from deprivation of liberty;
Encouraging communities to participate;
And instill a sense of responsibility in children;
In the Diversion process itself, of course, there are parties involved, namely children, parents, victims, and or parents/guardians, community counselors and professional social workers based on a restorative justice approach which means that the settlement of criminal cases involving perpetrators, victims and other parties concerned to jointly seek a just solution by emphasizing the restoration to its original state.

From the results of the diversion agreement: peace can be in the form of: with or compensation, handover to parents/guardians, participation in education/training in educational institutions or LPKS, community services. In the event that an agreement is reached, each official who is responsible for the implementation of the diversion will issue a termination of the investigation, termination of prosecution, termination of case examination and if it is reached, the examination process will continue. Furthermore, in the event that an agreement does not occur within the specified time, the community advisor immediately reports to the official to follow up the examination process.

Child Checkup Process

Investigators, Public Prosecutors, Community Counselors and or legal aid providers and other officers in examining cases of children, child victims and or child witnesses do not wear a toga or official attributes (Article 22 of Law Number 11 of 2012 concerning the Juvenile Criminal Justice System), then at every level of examination, the child must be given legal assistance and accompanied by a social advisor or assistant with applicable provisions;

That related to the detention of children (Article 32 of Law Number 11 of 2012 concerning the Juvenile Criminal Justice System) are as follows:

Detention of a child must not be carried out in terms of obtaining guarantees from parents or institutions that the child does not run away, destroy evidence or damage evidence or will not repeat the crime;
Detention can be carried out on the condition that:
The child’s age is 14 (fourteen) years;
Suspected of committing a crime with the threat of imprisonment for 7 years or more.
Detention of a child is certainly different from the defendant {adult} and the detention of a child in conflict with the law is as follows:

Detention by investigators is a maximum of 7 days and can be extended by the Public Prosecutor, for 8 days; while the adult defendant is 20 days with an extension of 40 days;
Detention by the public prosecutor, a maximum of 5 days can then be extended by the judge for 5 days while for adult defendants 20 days and extended for 30 days;
The Judge’s detention for 10 days was then extended for 15 days by the Head of the District Court, while the adult defendant was 30 days and could be extended for 60 days.

Examination process in court

Examination in the court session of the child in the first instance is carried out by a single judge, but the Chairman of the Court in examining the child’s case with the panel of judges in the case of

a criminal offense punishable by imprisonment of 7 years or more is difficult to prove. The judge in examining a child’s case in a children’s trial is declared closed to the public except for the reading of the verdict. Then in the trial process (Article 55 of Law Number 11 of 2012 concerning the Juvenile Criminal Justice System) the Judge is obliged to order parents/guardians or companions or other legal aid providers; In the event that the parents, guardians or guardians are not present, the trial will be continued accompanied by an advocate or other legal aid provider and/or community advisor.

That when examining a child of a victim or child of a witness, the judge may order that the child be taken out (Article 58 of Law RI Number 11 of 2012 concerning the Juvenile Criminal Justice System). In the event that the child of the victim or child of a witness is unable to provide information before a court session, the judge may order that the child of the victim or child of a witness be heard outside the trial through electronic recording conducted by the community advisor in the presence of the investigator or public prosecutor and advocate or legal aid provider. , through a remote examination or teleconference (Article 58 of the Law of the Republic of Indonesia Number 11 of 2012 concerning the Juvenile Criminal Justice System).

The judge before making a decision provides an opportunity for the parent/guardian/companion to present things that are beneficial to the child, then at the time of reading the court’s decision it is carried out in a trial open to the public and may not be attended by the child.

Sentences against children in conflict with the law may be subject to criminal acts and actions, and children can only be sentenced or subject to the provisions of this Law.

Whereas children in legal conflict who are not yet 14 years old can only be subject to non-criminal actions, which include returning to parents, surrendering to someone, treatment in a mental hospital, and treatment at the Social Welfare Organization (LPKS), the obligation to attend formal education and or training held by the government or private bodies and the revocation of the driver’s license, and correction of the consequences of the crime. Meanwhile, children aged 14 years and over may be sentenced to various types of crimes as stipulated in Article 71 of the Law of the Republic of Indonesia Number 11 of 2012 concerning the Juvenile Criminal Justice System, which are as follows:

The main crime consists of a. warning penalty; b. conditional punishment (guidance in institutions, community services, supervision); c. work training; d. coaching in institutions and prisons;
Additional penalties are in the form of deprivation of profits obtained from criminal acts, fulfillment of customary obligations.
If in material law a child in conflict with the law is threatened with cumulative punishment in the form of imprisonment and a fine, the fine shall be replaced with job training for a minimum of 3 months and a maximum of 1 year. The punishment for restricting freedom imposed on children is a maximum of of the maximum imprisonment that is threatened against adults (Article 79 paragraph 2 of the Law of the Republic of Indonesia Number 11 of 2012 concerning the Juvenile Criminal Justice System), while the special minimum provisions for imprisonment do not apply to children. (Article 79 of Law of the Republic of Indonesia Number 11 of 2012 concerning the Juvenile Criminal Justice System).

Detention of children in legal conflict is placed at the Temporary Child Placement Institution (LPAS), while the place where the child is serving his criminal period is placed at the Child Special Guidance Institute (LPKA). Then the place where children get social services is at the Social Welfare Organizing Institution (LPKS).

Against the judge’s decision at the first level, both children in conflict with the law and the public prosecutor can certainly take further legal efforts, namely appeal, cassation and review.

Against children who are proposed as children in legal conflict, namely child victims and child witnesses are entitled to all protections and rights regulated by the provisions of laws and regulations.

Conclusion: based on the description, it is clear that the handling of children in conflict with the law is different from the handling of adults in conflict with the law, in the juvenile criminal justice system, the handling of children’s cases prioritizes restorative justice.

This is a brief overview of the handling of crimes against children in conflict with the law.

Things to Avoid When Parenting

Things to Avoid When Parenting -Children are one of the most beautiful gifts that God has given to every married couple. Even many parents are really looking forward to the birth of their baby in this world. As a parent, you must have your own way of parenting and raising children. Yes Moms, what needs to be understood is that every child is born with different traits and characters. So, you also need to adjust the parenting pattern according to the child’s character.

You should avoid some of these things in parenting. Anything? Check out the full explanation here.

Things to Avoid When Parenting

Things to Avoid When Parenting

1. Avoid trouble
Some parents may think that certain problems cannot be fixed, so take it for granted. Because of this, many parents feel frustrated for months or years living with problems with their children. These problems can be in the form of fights before bed, to the habit of scolding children loudly.

2. Exaggerating or underestimating the problem
Before parents try to find a solution, they must first decide what is a problem and what is not. After that, determine how big the problem is. Children who often have tantrums or teenagers who spend more time outside the house are not a big problem. This is a simple problem that is appropriate for the age of the child. On the other hand, parents shouldn’t take a big problem lightly like a teenager caught stealing, for example.

3. Have unrealistic expectations
Too high expectations from parents for their children often cause problems. This often happens when parents are impatient with their child’s development. For example, parents who want their children to be swimmers, even though their little ones don’t like them. Therefore, it is important for parents to understand that the development and character of each child is different. So, don’t expect too high and don’t push your child too much.

Also Read :Tips for Parenting Without Violence

4. Inconsistent
One of the things that parents don’t realize can harm their children is inconsistent parenting styles. For example, when parents are sometimes very strict, sometimes they don’t seem to care about what their children do. This will make it difficult for the child to know what parents expect and how he really should act.

5. Having no rules or setting limits
Some parents may think that they are helping their child by letting him do whatever he wants. In fact, most children with a younger age find it very difficult to live without boundaries. Having rules, setting boundaries, consistent routines, and offering limited options will help your child know what is and isn’t, and what is and isn’t good to do.

Tips for Parenting Without Violence

Tips for Parenting Without Violence – In parenting, there will definitely be difficulties, in parenting there will also be many risks that must be accepted, but you still shouldn’t use violence. Here are some tips

1. Starting from Parents

Nessi said, “If parents want their children to be disciplined, yes, discipline their own parents first.” Children learn faster than just being told. Therefore, if parents expect their children to eat without screen time, then parents should not do it either.

Tips for Parenting Without Violence

2. Convey Expectations

Nessi explained that discipline is about the behavior of children that we expect. Often parents get angry first when things don’t match their expectations. In fact, previously they did not share these expectations with their children. Nessi gave an example, there is a time when children like to throw things, which is between the ages of 6-9 months. Well, parents can discipline this.

“Throw it once and take it. Twice, still taken. The third time, the parents started to get annoyed. Next his parents got angry. The children don’t know why their parents are angry,” he explained. Therefore, parents can explain at the beginning, for example with the sentence, “This is a spoon to take food and put in your mouth, yes.” A sentence that contains this expectation will be more effective than you shouting, “Don’t throw it, please!”

3. Adjust to the Child’s Age

“What must be considered (in disciplining) is that we must adjust to the age of the child,” said Nessi. However, parents often get caught up in the thought that their child is too young. “Kids know what, anyway. Eh, small children know a lot, you know,” he said. He added, “So, if you want to discipline your child, first see where the development is going.”

Taking for example, children like to throw things, according to Nessi, at this age children can crawl, so when they throw things, parents can discipline them by asking them to crawl to pick up the object.

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4. Make a Deal

Nessi suggested that parents always open a room for discussion with their children about the rules. For example, to keep children disciplined during school from home, parents can invite children to discuss what time they need to get up early so they have enough time to get ready before school, what time and how long they can play gadgets, and what time they should sleep. night. By accommodating his opinion and making it into a form of agreement, children will be more motivated to follow it.

5. Paste Schedule

Lower the agreement into the form of a daily schedule for your little one. Make it as attractive as possible, for example in the form of a wall clock that is shaded in a different color for each activity. Paste it in a place that is easily visible so that your little one always remembers.

6. Consistent Parents

The most important thing in disciplining children according to Nessi is consistency. “Kids are really smart. If parents give in when they cry, they will do it again,” he said. This kind of parental inconsistency will backfire where children will use crying as a way to subdue you to follow their wishes.

7. Be patient

The most important thing is patience. “This can’t be done, it’s done briefly. It’s impossible for two days to be successful,” said Nessi. So, patience and time are key.

The Reason Husband Night Parenting

The Reason Husband Night Parenting – In a domestic relationship, it takes responsibility between two people. The husband’s duties and the wife’s duties are not the same. This includes caring for and caring for children. It is a mutual obligation

The Reason Husband Night Parenting

1. Husband Thinks That Parenting Is Wife’s Business

Many families subscribe to this understanding. This could be brought by the husband from family habits or his parents first. Moms can provide information about important dates such as taking children’s report cards. This can provide an initial stimulus that the husband is also involved in parenting.

If you feel the parenting role is too dominant, then make a role change. Talk to your husband and discuss these roles and responsibilities.

Moms can provide input or choose what responsibilities your husband wants to do. Will he help the child with homework? Does he take the kids to exercise on the weekends?

2. Husband Feels Often Criticized

Natasha Daniels, a therapist and author of the book “How To Parent Your Anxious Toddler”, revealed that husbands often feel criticized.

“All this perceived criticism can keep men from being parents at all,” he added.

Therefore, allow the husband to do it his way. Moms need to be more flexible and let him get his own upbringing.

Explain to the children that it is okay for mom and dad to do things differently. This will help your children with flexibility and become a skill they will need throughout their lives.

Also Read : Common Parenting Problems

3. Tired from work

Many of us come home from work exhausted. If your husband works all day, he may not have the energy to take care of the children.

Talk to your husband to arrange a schedule for the two of you. This means that you also need to help your husband manage his schedule. Let the husband decide for himself when he can play with the children.

Do not let your husband feel forced when his physical or mental condition is not optimal. This condition can actually damage children.

Common Parenting Problems

Common Parenting Problems – When it comes to parenting, there are definitely some problems that must be faced. One of the most common problems is children who don’t want to obey. Here are some common parenting issues that parents experience. Anything? Come on, see the full explanation below.

1. Children often have tantrums

Children who often have tantrums are one of the most common things parents experience, especially if the child is still a toddler. This condition, not only affects children, but sometimes can also provoke the emotions of parents. For example, when a child cries screaming because he doesn’t get the toy he wants. In such situations, it is important for parents not to lose their cool and not to overreact immediately. Wait for the child to calm down and then listen to what he wants.

Common Parenting Problems

2. Children who like to argue

Children sometimes like to say ‘no’ to the rules given by their parents. They think that what they have to do is not interesting or fun. In this situation, parents may feel annoyed with their children. Better, stay calm about this, Moms.
Try to invite children to discuss and find a way out together.

3. Brother and sister rivalry

If you have two or more children, the fights that often occur between them are certainly a challenge in itself every day. The best way to deal with this is to separate them after the fight and wait for them to calm down. Keep in mind that parents should not be the judge and decide who is right and wrong.

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4. Children lie

It is not impossible if children at a certain age can lie. If you find out your child is lying, don’t overreact right away. Yes Moms, do not immediately punish the child.
Instead, give advice to your child that there is nothing to gain from lying. Give an example of a problem that his lying might cause.

5. Children are aggressive

Some children often show an aggressive attitude when angry. Maybe they will feel annoyed and cry to the point of hitting other people, be it a brother or sister, even their own parents. This of course makes parents feel stressed because they do not know how to deal with it.
Instead of scolding your child back, it’s best to find out the reason for his aggressive behavior. If there is an outburst of anger that is getting worse, it never hurts to take the child to a specialist to find out other possible conditions.

7 Ways to Bathe Baby Correctly


7 Ways to Bathe Baby Correctly – As a parent, the hardest thing to do for your child is to bathe him. Most babies cry and don’t want to take a bath. You don’t need to worry, here are powerful tips for bathing a baby

How to Bathe a 3 Month Baby
DR. I Gusti Ayu Nyoman Partiwi, SpA, MARS, or more familiarly known as dr. Tiwi, explained that at the age of 3 months and above, babies can get acquainted with normal temperature water and don’t need warm water anymore.

After reaching the age of 3 months, with a minimum weight of 6 kg, babies need to be introduced to plain water when bathing.

Plain water will make baby’s skin healthier, compared to warm water which tends to dry out the skin.

1. Choose a Warm Place

Choose a warm place to bathe the baby. Do not choose a place with a lot of wind because it can make the child cold.

2. Prepare All Equipment

Prepare the equipment needed to bathe him. Items such as buckets, soap, shampoo, towels, cotton swabs, and washcloths are good for babies.

3. Using Warm Water

First test the condition of the water that will be used by the baby to bathe by using the arm or elbow. The water used should be warm and comfortable for the baby.

4. Undressing the Baby

The next way to bathe the baby is to remove his clothes. Remove the baby’s clothes carefully, gently holding the neck and head. Clean first if the baby wets or has a bowel movement.

5. Clean the Eye Area

While holding the baby’s head carefully, gently clean the eye area using a cotton ball that has been moistened with warm water. Be careful not to hit the inside of the eye.

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6. Washing Baby’s Face

Use a soft, damp washcloth to wipe your baby’s mouth, nose, neck creases, and entire face. Do strokes from the center to the outside.

7. Washing Baby’s Hair

Place one arm under his back and palm behind his head. Use your free hand to wet baby’s hair with a washcloth. Then rinse the baby’s hair with water until there is no cleanser left.

8. Washing Baby’s Body

Wet and pour soap on your hands or a soft washcloth and start cleaning the baby’s entire body. Don’t forget to clean the diaper area using clean warm water.

9. Umbilical Cord Care

How to bathe a baby who still has an umbilical cord can be done by cleaning the area at the base of the umbilical cord and its surroundings with a cotton ball. Don’t be afraid to clean the umbilical cord!

10. Dressing the Baby

Be sure to dry the baby before dressing him. You can also provide baby care such as lotion, powder, and others to help moisturize the skin and make it more comfortable.

How to Parenting Correctly


How to Parenting Correctly – In educating children is not an easy thing for parents to do. Childhood is a very difficult time to go through. The reason is that there are many desires of children that must be obtained as a child. here’s how to take care of children properly and correctly so that they are obedient since childhood

Show Good Example

The first tip for educating children is to set a good example. There are no perfect parents, but you and your partner should set a good example for your children in everyday life. If you want your child to be gentle and kind and polite, then you must always act in the same way as a role model. Remember that parents are examples that children will follow until they grow up.

Call Child’s Name

When calling a child, it is also better to say his name, so that the child feels considered and appreciated by his parents. When turning and paying attention to you, say well what you want from your little one. Avoid shouting because this is not a good way of educating children. When this habit is done, it makes your little one feel annoyed and afraid of you and don’t listen to what you have to say.

Also Read : Best Parent Tips

Build the Habit of Listening

A good way of educating children requires getting used to listening to whatever the child has to say. Even if you give him orders, that doesn’t mean you don’t hear their excuses. It could be that the child is feeling tired, is upset with the school atmosphere, or has problems with his friends, and so on. If you show an attitude of being willing to listen to their complaints, you will make the children listen to your orders. Listening to your child will also make him accustomed to expressing his opinion.

Recognize Emotion Triggers in Children

Parents should know when and why their child is upset or angry about something. If you want to give orders or teach children something, don’t do it at those times. If your child is angry, try to give him time to calm down and let him explain what caused him to be angry. Only after the child has calmed down can you talk to him, for example giving orders or teaching something.

Always Consistent

Parenting that is applied regularly and consistently will make children feel more secure. Children become aware of what you as a parent want so that they can be calmer when given orders. For example, if you forbid your child not to eat his food repeatedly every day on a consistent basis, the child will be more understanding and calm about finishing his food.

Best Parent Tips

Best Parent Tips

Best Parent Tips – Next we will provide reliable articles that we have summarized and made as light as possible, so that they can be read by all people, here is how to be the best parent.

Parenting can be one of life’s most rewarding experiences, but it’s by no means easy. No matter how old your child is, your work is never finished. To be a good parent, you need to know how to make your child feel valued and loved, while teaching the difference between right and wrong. Ultimately, the most important thing is to establish a nurturing environment in which your child feels they can succeed and develop into confident, independent and caring adult individuals.

1. Give love and affection to your child. Sometimes the best thing you can give your child is love and affection. A warm touch or a hug can let your child know that you really care for them. Never ignore the importance of physical connection when you are with your child. Here are some ways to show love and affection.

A warm hug, a little encouragement, appreciation, approval or even a smile can boost your child’s confidence and well-being.
Tell them that you love them all the time, no matter how angry you are with them. Give him more hugs and kisses.
Give him more hugs and kisses. Make your child feel comfortable with love and affection from birth.
Love them for who they are; don’t force them to be what you want them to be in return for your love. Let them know that you will always love them no matter what.

2. Praise your child. Praising your child is an important part of being a good parent. You want your children to feel proud of their accomplishments and of themselves. If you don’t give them the confidence they need to live in the world on their own terms, then they won’t be driven to be independent or adventurous. When they do something good, let them know that you care and that you are proud of them.

Make it a habit to praise your child for at least 3 times the negative feedback. While it is important to tell your child when they make mistakes, it is also important to help them develop a positive view of themselves.
If they are too young to understand it, praise them with goods, applause, and love. Encouraging them to do everything from going to the toilet to getting good grades can help them lead happy and successful lives

3. Avoid comparing your child to other children, especially siblings. Every child is a different and unique individual. Celebrate their differences and instill in each child the desire to achieve their interests and dreams. Failure can leave you feeling inferior, the feeling that they can never be good to you. If you want to help them improve their behavior, talk about achieving goals in their own language, rather than telling them to act like their relatives or neighbors. This will help them develop self-confidence rather than feelings of inferiority.

Comparing one child to another can cause the child to develop competition with siblings. You want to educate your child to develop a caring relationship between your children, not competition.
Avoid favoritism. Surveys have shown that most parents have an attitude of favoritism, but most children believe that they are the favorite children of their parents. If your child is fighting, don’t take sides with one child, be fair and neutral.

Also Read:Guide to Educating Children Without Violence

4. Listen to your child. It is important that your communication with your child is both ways. You should not only enforce the rules, but listen to your children when they have problems. You must be able to express your child’s interests and involve yourself in their life. You should create an atmosphere that can bring your child to come to you with problems, big and small.

You can even set a time to talk to your child each day. This can be done before bedtime, at breakfast, during the school commute. Treat this time as sacred and avoid looking at your phone or being distracted by anything else.
If your child says they’re going to tell you something, make sure you take it seriously and stop doing your job, or set a time to talk when you can really hear them.

5. Make time for your child. However, be careful not to curb them. It’s a very different thing between protecting someone and locking them in your requests. You want them to feel that time with you is sacred and special without making them feel compelled to spend time with you.

Spend time with each child individually. Try to divide your time fairly if you have more than one child.
Listen to and value your children, and appreciate what they are doing in their lives. Remember, you are their parent after all. Children need boundaries. A child who is allowed to act as they please and pampered will struggle in their adult life when they have to obey society’s rules. You’re not a bad parent if you don’t follow what your children want. You can say no, but you have to provide reasons or offer alternatives. “Because I said it” is not an acceptable excuse!
Arrange time to go to the park, theme park, museum or library based on their interests.
Attend school events. Do homework with them. Visit teachers at open houses to get information on how they behave at school.

Guide to Educating Children Without Violence

Guide to Educating Children Without Violence

Guide to Educating Children Without Violence – In educating children, parents often choose the wrong steps that result in bad things and create bad qualities in their children. Educating children without violence is currently the main focus for parents, besides for the good of their children, this way of educating can also develop good qualities for children.
We are human beings who cannot be separated from emotions, stress, and feelings of anger. However, violence, whatever the reason, should not be done against children. What should we do to avoid violence against children?

1. Become a professional parent.

If we make the role of parents a profession, we have plans, programs, quality improvement and career advancement. “So, we will do it with responsibility and awareness to make improvements,” said Seto.

2. Perform continuous dialogue with children.

Instead of imposing our will, which can lead to violence against children, it is better to explore their potential, listen to their opinions, so that their interests, talents, and types of intelligence can be found. “Record all child development, do analysis. All this information becomes the material for family discussions with the children. One of the basic rights of children is to participate and have their opinions heard, ”said Seto.

3. Manage your anger.

When you feel angry, don’t blow it up in front of your child. Stay away from children, explode outside with other activities that are more useful, such as sports. In fact, singing, washing dishes, arranging bookshelves can channel our anger. Children may know, really, their parents are angry.
But more importantly they know how to manage anger well and not spoil the situation by example. Remember, with just yelling, a child’s nerve cells have experienced a lot of interference.

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4. Move on!

If violence is the way your parents teach you, believe me, it’s a way you shouldn’t use it with your kids. Violence is not an effective way of educating children, it damages the child’s mentality, damages your relationship with the child, is prone to becoming more violent.

5. Violence is your past.

Find the latest information on education and childcare. “This is so that you know there are better ways to educate children. Maya Angelou said, only when we know better, we do better, ”said Suha.